Return to Previous Page

Child Labor in India: Role of Company HR

CASELET, HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
ET Cases, 4 pages

Case Preview

Child Labor in India: Role of Company HR This Caselet

 

Babita and Pratibha did their MBA (with a specialization in HRM) from a prestigious business school in Hyderabad, India. Later, Pratibha joined a software firm in  Hyderabad and Babita joined a reputed branded apparel firm in Bangalore, as HR Managers. After two years, on a business trip to Hyderabad, Babita met Pratibha and over a cup of coffee both of them sat catching up as well sharing their experiences at current jobs. Just then, the article in The Economic Times1 on the rathole mines in Meghalaya, caught Babita’s attention and Pratibha noticed a change of expression on Babita’s face, as she looked disturbed and asked the reason.

Babita: (Showing the article) This news again brings back the plight of the young children I happen to see during my visits to the factories of our suppliers. I do not  understand why people do not comply with the laws.

Pratibha: Young children working in cafes, restaurants, small shops, etc., is a common sight in India. Moreover, are they not earning a living for themselves and their  families? Why is it bothering you so much?


Babita: It is worrisome that despite so many laws prohibiting the use of child labor and constitutional...................

Teaching Note Preview

Child Labor in India: Role of Company HR This Caselet

 

Synopsis

This caselet enables a discussion on the role of HR departments and HR executives in the case of child labor. The government of India estimated, according to 2011 census, that there were around 4.5 million children working in the country, down from 13 million in 2001. But the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions and other NGOs assert that there were around 60 million–115 million working children in the country in 2011. These figures include children working at their own homes (unaccounted child labor as they do not come under the purview of law) and in hazardous industries like mining, glass blowing, carpet weaving, artificial pollination (agriculture), etc. While many government and non-governmental organizations were working towards the eradication of this social malice, factors like poverty, illiteracy, corruption, etc., kept the practice of child labor prevalent in the country. Can Indian companies and their HR departments play a proactive role to abate the prevalence of child labor through their intent and involvement? What should Babita do in this case?

Prerequisite Conceptual Understanding (PCU)/Before the Classroom Discussion

This caselet needs a conceptual understanding of the laws related to child labor and ethics in HR practices. The participants should read the following chapters to help them connect the concepts:

  • •Gary Dressler and Biju Varkkey, “Employment Law in India and the United States”, Human Resource Management, 12th Edition (Indian Adaptation), Pearson Education, Inc., 2011 – To understand the fundamental rights, rights against exploitation and constitutional provisions in India under the labor/factory laws and acts and their applicability in the Indian manufacturing firms and how child labor are exploited with the non-compliance of laws
  • •Gary Dressler and Biju Varkkey, “Ethics, Justice and Fair Treatment in HR Management”, Human Resource Management, 12th Edition (Indian Adaptation), Pearson Education, Inc., 2011 – To understand the fundamental difference between being legally correct and being ethical; and understand the need for the companies to comply with both (law and ethics) in the case of employing child labor

 

Case Positioning and Setting

This caselet can be used in MBA Program for the following module/topic in the Human Resource Management Course:

  • •Ethics and Role of HR Departments in Companies – To understand the need for companies to behave ethically and prohibit using child labor anywhere in their supply chain and the extended role of HR departments in achieving the same

 

Assignment Questions

  • I. What are the factors responsible for prevalence of child labor in India?
  • II. What do you think, Babita should do to impress upon her company to do away with the practice of child labor within their direct and indirect supply chain?
  • III. ...........

 

Case Analysis and Discussion

I. Child Labor in India

The factors responsible for the prevalence of child labor in India could be summarized through Exhibit (TN)-I..................

$3.37
Rs 0
Product code: HRM-2-0024, HRM-2-0024A

Abstract


This caselet can be used to discuss whether the HR departments have extended responsibility of arresting the practice of child labor. In India, 4.5 million children (according to 2011 census) were reportedly employed but the unreported numbers are mindboggling. While many government and non-governmental organizations were working towards the eradication of this social malice, corruption among the enforcement authorities, illiteracy of the parents, poverty, adult unemployment, and many other factors kept the practice of child labor prevalent in the country. Can Indian companies and their HR departments play a proactive role to abate the prevalence and occurrence of child labor?





Pedagogical Objective


  • To understand the extent of child labor in India and examine the ethical connotations of employing child labor in organizations

  • To discuss the measures taken thus far by the government and other NGOs and debate on the extended responsibilities of HR departments


Case Positioning and Setting


This caselet can be used in MBA Program for the following module/topic in the Human Resource Management Course:


  • Ethics and Role of HR Departments in Companies - To understand the need for companies to behave ethically and prohibit using child labor anywhere in their supply chain and the extended role of HR departments in achieving the same




This Case Pack Includes:
- Abstract
- Caselet
- Teaching Note (**ONLY for Academicians)
$3.37
Rs 0

Related products




Request for an Inspection Copy

(Strictly for Review Purpose, Not to be Used for Classroom Discussion/Trainings)