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EIA of Buildings: is it Worthy?*

CASELET, STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
ET Cases, 7 Pages

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EIA of Buildings: is it Worthy?

 

Great improvement has been made by mankind in all spheres of life from the beginning of civilization. The human society has changed its lifestyle, rate of urbanization has increased and development in infrastructure and industrialization has led to environmental pollution and deterioration. The haphazard growth and absence of ecological concern in the planning and implementation of the projects generally becomes the cause of degradation of the environment which resulted in several spillover costs in the growth and development. In 1972 Stockholm Conference, for the first time, the need for protection of the environment and its preservation from more deterioration was treated at global level [1].

Several major federal legislations are being characterized from last 20 years in which the major areas focused are control of water and air pollution, solid and liquid waste management, resource protection and soil and ground water improvement. Among them the most significant legislation is the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 which was effective from 1st January, 1970 in United States of America (USA). It has been referred as the document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges for the environment..............

Teaching Note Preview

EIA of Buildings: is it Worthy?

 

Synopsis

The environment is threatened severely by many problems, some of which are caused by the activities of Construction Projects. The global concern to address environmental degradation caused by various developmental actions (construction projects inclusive) is the basis for calls to assess environmental impacts of building construction projects in India. The growth of Indian Real Estate sector has been enormous over the past decade and it is expected to reach $180 billion by 2020. With this growth trends, protecting the Environment is the need of the hour. The study therefore suggests that in order to reduce environmental degradation, building construction stakeholders must adopt Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) document and other regulations relevant for environmental protection. Also, all environmental regulatory agencies and sensitization organizations should continuously sensitize the building construction public on requisite environmental management practice and sanction erring agents. EIA guidelines were made mandatory from 1994 onwards to this sector. In 2006, buildings with built up area more than 20,000 sq. meters, categorized as B1 projects, came under the ambit of EIA. This study focuses on the effectiveness of EIA Notifications governing the Real Estate sector of India by highlighting few case studies.....................

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Abstract

The growth of Indian Real Estate sector has been enormous over the past decade and it is expected to reach $180 billion by 2020. With such growth trends, protecting the Environment is the need of the hour. For this purpose, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) guidelines were introduced in 1994 and amendments were made accordingly. Buildings with built up area more than 20,000 sq. meters, which are entitled as category B1 projects, came under the ambit of EIA. This case includes different stages of EIA, its assessments and various government agencies supervising the process and discusses advantages and disadvantages of EIA process.


Pedagogical Objectives

  • This case is expected to give an understanding of the existing EIA Notifications
  • To highlight and address the various loopholes or flaws in the current EIA process

Case Positioning and Setting
This case can be used for teaching courses like Real Estate Management, Environmental Law, Public Policy and Environment Management


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