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Role of Institutional Dynamics and other Factors towards Sustainable Pedagogical Innovations – A Case of an Indian Premier B-School*

CASE STUDY, STRATEGY
ET Cases - FLAME, 13 Pages
AUTHOR(S) : Dr. Vinita Sinha - Associate Professor, Prof. Sanjay Bhattacharya - Assistant Professor - Symbiosis International University, Pune

Case Preview

Role of Institutional Dynamics and other Factors towards Sustainable Pedagogical Innovations – A Case of an Indian Premier B-School

The present case is about a premier B-School located in the western India. The B-School is known for its best teaching practices, innovation and research. An intense academic curriculum is designed such that it prepares students to deliver their best. Leading Management institutes have already begun the process of internalizing in terms of creating finest future managers for the needs of a modern technology driven world and the complexities that students will face in a global marketplace. So, the need was felt at this B-School as well to understand the dynamics of practicing technology and innovation from the perspectives of faculty members who are the key pillars of any institute. Teaching practices and educational pedagogies help in shaping the student learning experience and advance motivation and achievement. Research shows various methods for valorizing professors known for their teaching quality (Parents and Lessard, 1979) which has been instrumental in achieving the above objective. In today’s global business context, several studies have been conducted to highlight the need for revamping the content and pedagogical approach of educational programs in business schools, in hopes that it responds even better to the demands of the management students and the business world. Given the above context, the main purpose of the present case study is to examine the factors impacting the innovation in pedagogy and teaching learning practices in a premier management institute in India. The case study intends to explore the contextual factors and leadership approach towards the sustenance of innovative teaching pedagogies practiced in the classrooms. In the past few decades, research has shown to give more weight to B-Schools as a learning organization and has acknowledged additional kinds of professional practices of teaching staff, including co-operating in teams and professional development of professors............

Pedagogical Innovations in the Context of B-Schools

In the era of ever advancing technology, educational scenario has changed rapidly; B-school’s professors are facing challenges of matching to the growing expectations of the corporate world. There is tremendous pressure from every point of corner to bring reforms and innovations in terms of teaching methods and pedagogies best suited to the learners. With technological evolution and massive access of data, there has been lot of information overloading via access to internet, search engines, social networking websites, electronic gadgets, etc............

Contextual or Institutional Dynamics in Sustenance of Innovative Teaching Pedagogies

Many researchers have discussed the role of context in teaching and learning process. Contextual factors, such as the needs of the students, syllabus, culture, policies, and also the wider socio-political context in which learning and teaching takes place are utmost important in terms of inculcating the culture of innovation in teaching pedagogies. Pedagogical innovation is shaped by a complex interaction of the innovation with contextual factors such as school and school district policy, leadership, cultural norms and values................

Leadership Approach in Sustaining the Innovative Teaching Pedagogies

Leadership approaches play crucial role in setting directions, redesigning the organization and developing people’ are identified by Leithwood and Riehl (2003). In his later international studies, Leithwood (2005) goes further, verifying ‘developing people’ as the key determinant of making goodpractices durable and wide-spreading in the educational context. For Leithwood and Riehl, the principle of developing people concerns the following areas:.............

Conducting Survey and the Observations

15 Full-time faculty members of a reputed Indian B-School were given the survey questionnaire (Refer Annexure I). The sample comprised of faculty members across various disciplines viz., Human Resources, Marketing, Operations, Finance, Infrastructure Management & Business Analytics. All of the 15 faculty members returned the filled-in questionnaires which were complete in all respects.

All of the respondents agreed on the fact that as a matter of practice, they all seek to accommodate innovative pedagogical approaches within their course structure. The innovative practices range from using open-source software which can be customized for in-class use, adopting video cases, role plays, storytelling and smart-books in course structure.................

Case Insights

It is quite evident in this case that contextual and institutional dynamics play a significant role in the overall innovation orientation and its sustenance from an educational institution’s standpoint. With declining attention span of the new generation students, seeped in the ethos of instant gratification, it is quite a challenging task for teachers at the B-School to not conform to the idea of change and innovation. Hence, like any other reputed B-Schools, this school too encourages and supports its faculty to plan and implement innovative pedagogical approaches in their class............

Conclusion

It can be definitively said that for innovative pedagogical approaches to incubate and sustain, institutional dynamics indeed play a big role to this end. A clear and focused vision, leadership support, judicious funding for learning and development and a relatively wider margin for error are some of the state-ofthe- art factors sustaining the momentum as far as innovation in pedagogical approaches is concerned.............

Annexures

Annexure I: Questionnaire

Annexure II: Responses of the Participants to the Close-ended Questions

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Abstract

This case study discusses and addresses the challenges faced by a Management School which is strategically in a prime city of Western India. The Management School has been known for its excellence in teaching rigor, best practices and innovations. But, it faces the challenges in terms of sustaining the best practices and innovations at large. Therefore, the main objective of the present case is to highlight the institutional or contextual dynamics or factors which play an instrumental role in sustaining with the innovative or unique pedagogical practices during the teaching learning process. The case intends to highlight the vital practices that play an important role in initiating and sustaining with the innovative teaching learning approach. The current case also addresses the hindrances that faculty members of the school may be facing in adopting or sustaining with the innovative pedagogical approaches. The case also emphasizes on the effect of leadership approaches and contextual dynamics that influence innovative practices in teaching learning process. Questionnaires and interviews served as the main research methods within this study. To address above stated objectives, 15 full-time faculty members were given a customized questionnaire to capture their views pertaining to their best innovative pedagogical approaches, contextual dynamics, and leadership approaches, hurdles faced in adopting or sustaining with these practices.

The case discussed the importance of fostering and sustaining innovative pedagogical practices, contextual dynamics and impacts of leadership approach in a management institute.


Pedagogical Objectives

  • To highlight the contextual or institutional factors in the B-School that affect sustenance of innovative pedagogical practices
  • To investigate the impact of leadership approach in the sustenance of innovative pedagogical practices amongst the faculty members of the B-School
  • To emphasize the best innovative teaching pedagogies practiced by the B-School professors across the disciplines

Case Positioning and Setting

This case study can be used for MBA or Executive MBA students in the following courses/modules:

  • Strategic Management – How B-Schools are imbibing innovative pedagogical practices
  • Leadership - Analyzing the role of leadership in sustaining the innovative teaching pedagogies


* FLAME CASE CONFERENCE 2017



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- Case Study
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