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Open Government Data (OGD) Platform for Connecting People, Enhancing Transparency and for Effective Policy Making: The Case of data.gov.in*

CASE STUDY, E-COMMERCE
ET Cases - GSMC, 18 Pages

Case Preview

Open Government Data (OGD) Platform for Connecting People, Enhancing Transparency and for Effective Policy Making: The Case of data.gov.in

 

“Government data is one of the most valuable assets…however when the data is unused its value is zero.”

-- Oleg Petrov, Senior Program Officer, World Bank

 

India is the seventh largest country by area, the second most populous country and the world’s biggest democracy. Like any other country the Indian Government departments monitor the country’ socioeconomic growth and implement social policies and road map for infrastructure development, natural resource conservation, urbanization and basic health care services. This is done at the Union Government level, State Government level and the Legislature and Judiciary along with a number of autonomous bodies and private players. The broad sectors which are covered include Coal and Mines, Communication and Information Technology, Defences, Education and Training, Agriculture and Cooperatives, Animal husbandry and fishing, Art and Culture, Chemical and Fertilizers, Commerce and Industry, Employment and Labour, Energy and Power, Environment and Natural resources, Finance Banking and Insurance, Food and Public Distribution, Forestry and Wildlife, Governance and Administration, Health and Family welfare, Home Affairs and National Security, Housing and Urban Development, Information and Broadcasting, International Affairs, Law and Justice, People and Organizations, Petroleum Oil and Natural Gas, Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Science Technology and Research, Social Justice and Empowerment, Tourism, Transport and Infrastructure and finally Youth Affairs and Sports.1

 



1 Government of India Web Site, http://goidirectory.nic.in/sector_index.php

Teaching Note Preview

Open Government Data (OGD) Platform for Connecting People, Enhancing Transparency and for Effective Policy Making: The Case of data.gov.in

 

Synopsis

Open Data is a buzzword today world over and the Indian Government has focussed on a big way to implement e-governance across to provide excellent online citizen services be it passport to UDID to bank account, Social Security and Provident Funds and mass insurance. Today citizens no longer have to wait endlessly and work on paper-based forms as more and more services are being digitised. Another big initiative though unknown to many is the launch of a data portal “data.gov.in” which aims to bring all government data on a publicly accessible platform for use by citizens bringing more transparency.

The Government of India initiative to launch Open Government Data Platform (OGD) launched in 2012 is a huge collection of government data made publically available as open source. It is a platform developed in joint collaboration by the Government of India and US Government and is used by Ministries and Departments to publish datasets, documents, tools and applications collected by them.

The OGD platform has over 16102 datasets and has been very successful in bringing real time information to the citizens across areas of government functioning from Ministry of Home Affairs, Finance, Tourism, Atomic Energy, Space, Earth Sciences, Mines, Communication and Information Technology, Corporate Affairs and many others.

The case study is a critical analysis of the need , objective and the success behind the Open Data Government Platform data.gov.in, it covers the background and also lists some cases globally of how government data can be used for citizen welfare. It also has some illustrative datasets and the analytics already deployed by people using these datasets. The datasets will be useful in further investigative research using statistical tools............

Expected Learning Outcomes

The key objectives of teaching this case study is to first show the use of Open Data and highlight its role as a repository of wealth, which can be used for numerous activities benefitting right from Government Policy makers to normal citizens to business houses. Once the student is able to appreciate the need and availability of the Indian government data, he will further be able to co-relate new uses cases for these data and suggest quantitative measures and operations, which can be performed on this data. At the same ideation and innovative use, cases of data will result from a understanding of the vision behind this platform.

Case Positioning and Setting

This case study can be used in the field of IT/Quantitative Statistics/Entrepreneurial Management/Public Administration to derive insight and foresight from the data and try to collate multiple datasets to arrive at a cause-effect relation between factors, which may today be treated as independent variables pending such a cause analysis.

Assignment Questions

A. Public Administration

  • • What are the benefits other than the ones listed in the case study for such an open data platform, explain giving reference to your daily interaction with government agencies?
  • • Explain the roadmap adopted by India towards bringing an Open Data platform and critically examine the validity of this roadmap.
  • • ..................................

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Abstract

In 2012, the Government of India launched the Open Government Data Platform (OGD) making a huge collection of government data publically available as open source. It is a platform developed in joint collaboration by the Government of India and the US Government and is used by Ministries and Departments to publish datasets, documents, tools and applications collected by them.

The OGD platform has over 16102 datasets and has been very successful in bringing real time information to the citizens across areas of government functioning from Ministry of Home Affairs, Finance, Tourism, Atomic Energy, Space, Earth Sciences, Mines, Communication and Information Technology. Corporate Affairs and many others. With focus on 'Smart Cities' and 'Digital India' huge data is expected to be generated ,it becomes necessary to see that the data is used for citizen benefits. With this aim the OGD launched a number of successful events and awards like 'Best Solution for Social Good using Open Government Data', '#OpenDataApps Challenge' and CMA Hackathon - 'Code for Urban Governance' to encourage individual techies and corporate participation. With a visitor count increase from 1 million in 2012 to 54 million in 2014 the platform has met with resounding success and acceptability among the citizens.

The portal provides data as diverse as Stray Cattle and Dogs State Wise (Livestock Census) to economic information on State Level Consumer Price Index to core technical data like State-wise Socio Economic Indicators. The dataset also shows the number of downloads which have taken place so far and provides data in usable formats like comma separated files or excel spread sheet or xml files hence enabling the user to use it for further analysis. Filtration possibility exists on frequency of data updating which can vary from daily to decadal, jurisdiction ranging from each State to all India and finally on keywords.

Data is also provided in the form of RSS and API, which can be used for further integration to third party content providers to publish relevant data on an on-going basis. This case study will identify the growth in number and types of datasets available/published and the metrics/ applications/tools developed by citizens across these data measures and the potential benefits derived by the policy makers using the ODG platform.

It will further enable a critical analysis of the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), which aims to provide open access to data generated by the Government of India and assess to what extent the OGD portal, has achieved these objectives.



Pedagogical Objectives

  • To explain the Open Data Platform launched specifically to the Indian Context
  • To appreciate data reliability privacy issues in country building and government – citizen collaboration and feedback for development use

Case Positioning and Setting
The case study can be used in understanding the efforts behind the Open Data platform from Strategic Management perspective including Information availability, transparency, collaboration, participation and records management.


* GSMC 2016, IIM Raipur

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- Abstract
- Case Study
- Teaching Note (**ONLY for Academicians)
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