Protecting the Forests for a Sustainable Future: Forest Conservation Initiatives using Technology in Andhra Pradesh
“Humanity’s well-being and prosperity – indeed, our very existence – depends on healthy ecosystems and the services they supply, from clean water and a liveable climate, to food, fuel, fibre and fertile soils.”1
-- Living Planet Report, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), 2014
With the increasing demands of the population across the world for various types of resources both renewable and non-renewable, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) observed that, “We need 1.5 Earths to regenerate the natural resources we currently use; we cut trees faster than they mature, harvest more fish than oceans replenish, and emit more carbon into the atmosphere than forests and oceans can absorb.”2
The United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) in its resolution invited the attention of the member states to recognize the contributions of forest goods and services to national and local economies.
Recognizing such importance of forests, the UN Conference on Environment and Development in the year 1992 endeavored for the conservation of the forest and stated that, “Forestry issues and opportunities should be examined in a holistic and balanced manner within the overall context of environment and development, taking into consideration the multiple functions and uses of forests.”3 Given such significance of the forest – social, ecological, economic and sustainable, technology has become an important ingredient in the protection and conservation of the forests all over the world. The Government of India, by taking a cue from the ongoing technological revolution, has adopted various technologies and deployed them to track the forest cover across the country. The Forest Survey of India is publishing the State of Forest Report capturing the changes in the forest cover in the different types of forests across the country using technology. The collated data is stored in the server of the Forest Survey of India..................
1 “Living Planet Report 2014”, http://www.footprintnetwork.org/images/article_uploads/LPR2014_summary_low_res.pdf, 2014
3 “Report Of The United Nations Conference On Environment And Development”, http://www.un.org/documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-3annex3.htm, June 1992